Difference between revisions of "Glossary"

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== B ==

Revision as of 11:54, 13 January 2014

Attention: test state

This glossary is a growing collection of the abbreviations, acronyms and further terms requiring explanation which are used in the CoLabCollaboration Laboratory Wiki. Everybody is invited to use and extend this list. Listing an abbreviation or acronym here will automatically provide every page of this Wiki with the definition of the term. As a result, you can mouse over an abbreviation or acronym on any page in this wiki and a tooltip with the definition will be shown.

Please note that the "longer term" needs to be listed above the "shorter term" in order to get the right definition displayed (a workaround for the fact that these terms will not be a [prefix code]). Example:

;APIApplication Programming Interface
;APSAmerican Physical Society
;APApplication Profile

instead of

;APApplication Profile
;APIApplication Programming Interface
;APSAmerican Physical Society

Please note that this glossary feature is still in a test state (see: CoLab Plug-in Test). If you discover problems with the functionality, please express your findings at the CoLab Plug-in page.


ABArchitectural Bord
Architectural Bord
AAIAuthentication, Authorization and Identification
Authentication, Authorization and Identification

for AAIAuthentication, Authorization and Identification within the MPGMax-Planck-Gesellschaft see article MPG-AAI

ADAMALEPH Digital Asset Modul
ALEPHIntegrated Library System by ExLibris Digital Asset Modul (ALEPHIntegrated Library System by ExLibris extension)
AEIAlbert Einstein Institute
Albert Einstein Institute (MPIMax-Planck-Institut for Gravitational Physics)
ALEPHIntegrated Library System by ExLibris
Integrated Library System by ExLibris (used by more than 30 MPIs)

see article Aleph

APIApplication Programming Interface
Application Programming Interface
APSAmerican Physical Society
American Physical Society
APApplication Profile
Application Profile
ARCALEPH Reporting Center
ALEPHIntegrated Library System by ExLibris Reporting Center
AWOBAstronomers’ Workbench
Astronomers’ Workbench


BARBeratender Ausschuss für EDV-Anlagen in der MPG
Beratender Ausschuss für EDVElektronische Datenverarbeitung-Anlagen in der MPGMax-Planck-Gesellschaft
BBAWBerlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften
Berlin-Brandenburgische Akademie der Wissenschaften
BMBFBundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (German Federal Ministry of Education and Research)
BMBiology and Medicine
Biology and Medicine (scientific section in the MPGMax-Planck-Gesellschaft)
BVBBibliotheksverbund Bayern
Bibliotheksverbund Bayern (Bavarian library consortia)


CARPETCommunity for Academic Reviewing, Publishing and Editorial Technology
Community for Academic Reviewing, Publishing and Editorial Technology

see article CARPET

CENComitée européen de normalisation
Comitée Européen de Normalisation (European Committee for Standardization)
CERNEuropean Organisation for Nuclear Research
European Organisation for Nuclear Research (Switzerland)
CIDOC CRMCIDOC Conceptual Reference Model
CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (ISOInternational Organization for Standardization standard, ontology)
CIDOCCommittee on Documentation of the International Council of Museums
Committee on Documentation of the International Council of Museums
CMSContent Management System
Content Management System
COinSContext Objects in Span
Context Objects in Span (embedding reference metadata into the HTMLHypertext Markup Language code of a web page)


CoLabCollaboration Laboratory
CQLCommon Query Language
Common Query Language
CPTChemical Physical Technical
Chemical Physical Technical (scientific section of the MPGMax-Planck-Gesellschaft)
CRUDCreate, Retrieve, Update and Delete
create, retrieve, update and delete (CRUDCreate, Retrieve, Update and Delete operations)


DANSData Archiving and Networked Services
Data Archiving and Networked Services (Dutch institute)
DARIAHDigital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities
Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities
DCAMDublin Core Abstract Model
Dublin Core Abstract Model
DCMIDublin Core Metadata Initiative
Dublin Core Metadata Initiative
DCDublin Core
Dublin Core (metadata standard)
DFGDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German funding body)
DFNDeutsches Forschungsnetz
Deutsches Forschungsnetz
DiLiADigital Library Assistant
Digital Library Assistant
DINIDeutschen Initiative für Netzwerkinformation
Deutschen Initiative für Netzwerkinformation (German Initiative for Network Information)
DNBDeutsche Nationalbibliothek
Deutsche Nationalbibliothek (German National Library)
DNSDomain Name System
Domain Name System (Internet "phone book")
DOIDigital Object Identifier
Digital Object Identifier
DOMDocument Object Model
Document Object Model (platform-independent object model for representing HTMLHypertext Markup Language or XMLExtensible Markup Language documents)
DRIVERDigital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research
Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (European project)
DSPDescription Set Profile
Description Set Profile (machine-readable formal representation of the constraints of an APApplication Profile)
DTADeutsches Textarchiv
Deutsches Textarchiv
DUKDeutsche UNESCO-Kommission
Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission


EBEditorial Board
Editorial Board
ECDLEuropean Conference on Digital Libraries
European Conference on Digital Libraries
ECHOEuropean Cultural Heritage Online
European Cultural Heritage Online
eDocElectronic Documentation
Electronic Documentation (institutional repository of the Max Planck Society)

see article eDoc

eLabElectronic Laboratory
Electronic Laboratory
EnTagEnhanced Tagging
Enhanced Tagging
ERMElectronic Resource Management
Electronic Resource Management
ESAEuropean Space Agency, ESRIN (France)
European Space Agency, ESRIN (France)
eSciDocEnhanced Scientific Documentation
Enhanced Scientific Documentation
eScienceEnhanced Science
Enhanced Science
EZBElektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek
Elektronische Zeitschriftenbibliothek


FAQFrequently Asked Questions
Frequently Asked Questions
FIZFachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe Karlsruhe
Fachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe
FIZFachinformationszentrum Karlsruhe
FOAFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
FRBRooFunctional Requirements for Bibliographic Records-object oriented
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records-object oriented (initiative to harmonize FRBRFunctional Requirements for Bibliographic Records and CIDOC reference models)
FRBRFunctional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records
FTPFile Transport Protocol
File Transport Protocol
FUHFernUniversität in Hagen
FernUniversität in Hagen


GASCOGerman, Austrian and Swiss Consortia Organisation
German, Austrian and Swiss Consortia Organisation
GAVOGerman Astrophysical Virtual Observatory
German Astrophysical Virtual Observatory
GDZGöttinger Digitalisierungszentrum
Göttinger Digitalisierungszentrum
GKDGemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei
Gemeinsame Körperschaftsdatei (organization authority file by DNBDeutsche Nationalbibliothek)
GSHGeistes-, Sozial- und Humanwissenschaftliche Sektion of the MPG
Geistes-, Sozial- und Humanwissenschaftliche Sektion (scientific section in the MPGMax-Planck-Gesellschaft)
GUIGraphical User Interface
Graphical User Interface
GVGeneralverwaltung der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft
Generalverwaltung der Max-Planck-Gesellschaft (Administrative headquarters of the Max Planck Society)

see http://www.mpg.de/english/institutesProjectsFacilities/adminHeadquarters/index.html

GWDGGesellschaft für Wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung Göttingen
Gesellschaft für Wissenschaftliche Datenverarbeitung Göttingen (computer center)


HTMLHypertext Markup Language
Hypertext Markup Language
HTTPSHyperText Transfer Protocol Secured
HyperText Transfer Protocol Secured
HTTPHyperText Transfer Protocol
HyperText Transfer Protocol


IGeLUInternational Group of ExLibris Users
International Group of ExLibris Users
ILLInterlibrary Loan
Interlibrary Loan
ILSIntegrated Library System
Integrated Library System
ISBNInternational Standard Book Number
International Standard Book Number
ISIInstitute for Scientific Information
Institute for Scientific Information (meanwhile: Thomson Scientific)
ISOInternational Organization for Standardization
International Organization for Standardization
ISSNInternational Standard Serial Number
International Standard Serial Number
Informationsvermittlungsstelle (Information Retrieval Services group)


JBossOpen source Java EE-based application server
Open source Java EE-based application server
JBPMJBoss framework
JBossOpen source Java EE-based application server framework that delivers workflow, business process management (BPMBusiness Process Management)
JiBXFramework for Binding XML Data to Java Objects
Framework for binding XMLExtensible Markup Language data to Java objects.
JPDLJBPM Process Definition Language
JBPMJBoss framework Process Definition Language
JPEGImage File Format
Method of compression for images following the standard ISOInternational Organization for Standardization 10918-1 (JPEGImage File Format being short for the Joint Photographic Experts Group that created the standard)


KBKoninklijke Bibliotheek
Koninklijke Bibliotheek (Netherlands)
KHIKunsthistorisches Institut, Rom
Kunsthistorisches Institut, Rom (MPIMax-Planck-Institut)
KIMKompetenzzentrum Interoperable Metadaten
Kompetenzzentrum Interoperable Metadaten
KOPALKooperativer Aufbau eines Langzeitarchivs digitaler Informationen
Kooperativer Aufbau eines Langzeitarchivs digitaler Informationen
KOSKnowledge Organization Systems and Services
Knowledge Organization Systems and Services


LANLocal-area network
Local-area network
LISA"Lesen, Informieren, Schreiben und Austauschen" - Wissenschaftsportal der Gerda Henkel Stiftung
Laser Interferometer Space Antenna
Leibniz-Rechenzentrum (computer center)
LTALong-term Archiving
Long-term Archiving
Langzeitarchivierung (long term archiving)


MABMaschinelles Austauschformat für Bibliotheken
Maschinelles Austauschformat für Bibliotheken (metadata standard)
MARCMAchine-Readable Cataloging
MAchine-Readable Cataloging (metadata standard)
METSMetadata Encoding and Transmission Standard
Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard
MODSMetadata Object Description Schema
Metadata Object Description Schema
MPDLMax Planck Digital Library
Max Planck Digital Library
MPI-EVAMax Planck Institut für evolutionäre Anthropologie
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Max-Planck-Institut/Max Planck Institute
MPSMax Planck Society
Max Planck Society


NIMSNational Institute for Materials Science Japan
National Institute for Materials Science (Japan)
NKOSNetworked Knowledge Organization Systems and Services
Networked Knowledge Organization Systems and Services
NKONetworked Knowledge Organization
Networked Knowledge Organization
NSDLNational Science Digital Library
National Science Digital Library (USA)


OAI-OREOpen Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange
Open Archives Initiative Object Reuse and Exchange
OAI-PMHOpen Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting
OAIOpen Archives Initiative
Open Archives Initiative
OAOpen Access
Open Access
OCLCOnline Computer Library Center
Online Computer Library Center
OCROptical Character Recognition
Optical Character Recognition
OPACOnline Public Access Catalogue
Online Public Access Catalogue
OWLWeb Ontology Language
Web Ontology Language,


PARSEPermanent Access to the Records of Science in Europe
Permanent Access to the Records of Science in Europe
PDFPortable Document Format
Portable Document Format (file format)
PEERPublishing and the Ecology of European Research
Publishing and the Ecology of European Research
PIDPersistent Identifer or Identification
Persistent Identifer or Identification
PKIPublic-key infrastructure
Public key infrastructure
PNDPersonen Normdatei
Personen Normdatei (person authority file by DNBDeutsche Nationalbibliothek)
PREMISPreservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies
Preservation Metadata: Implementation Strategies
PubManPublication Management
Publication Management (eSciDocEnhanced Scientific Documentation solution)


QAQuality Assurance
Quality Assurance


RCRights Checking
Rights Checking
RDAResource Description and Access
Resource Description and Access (cataloguing rules in preparation)
RDFResource Description Framework
Resource Description Framework (W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium specification; metadata data model)
RESTRepresentational State Transfer
Representational state transfer (software architecture paradigm by Roy Fielding)

The authoritative source is the dissertation of Roy Fielding: http://www.ics.uci.edu/~fielding/pubs/dissertation/top.htm

RFCRequest For Comment
Request For Comment
RLGResearch Libraries Group
Research Libraries Group
RSSReally Simple Syndication
Really Simple Syndication
RVKRegensburger Verbund-Klassifikation
Regensburger Verbund-Klassifikation
RZGRechenzentrum Garching, jetzt MPCDF
Rechenzentrum Garching (computer center)


SAMLSecurity Assertion Markup Language
Security Assertion Markup Language (standard for exchanging authentication/autorization data)
SCOAP3Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics
Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics
SFXOpenURL Link Resolver
OpenURLOpen Uniform Resource Locator Link Resolver (by ExLibris)
SKOSSimple Knowledge Organisation System
Simple Knowledge Organisation System
SOAPSimple Object Access Protocol
Simple Object Access Protocol (software architecture paradigm, W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium recommendation)
SOAService-Oriented Architecture
Service-Oriented Architecture
SQLStructured Query Language
Structured Query Language
SRUSearch/Retrieval via URL
Search/Retrieval via URLUniform Resource Locator (search interface specification by the Library of Congress, RESTRepresentational State Transfer)
SRWSearch/Retrieval Web Service
Search/Retrieval Web Service (search interface specification by the Library of Congress, SOAPSimple Object Access Protocol)
STFCScience and Technology Facilities Council
Science and Technology Facilities Council (United Kingdom)
STMInternational Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers
International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers (Netherlands)
SUBStaats- und Universitätsbibliothek
Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek
SWAPScholarly Works Application Profile
Scholarly Works Application Profile (ePrints Application Profile)
SWBScholary Workbench
Scholary Workbench
SWDSchlagwort Datei
Schlagwort Datei (subject authority file by DNBDeutsche Nationalbibliothek)
SWORDSimple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit
Simple Web-service Offering Repository Deposit


TBATo Be Announced
to be announced
TEIText Encoding Initiative
Text Encoding Initiative
TEL:The European Library

Homepage: http://www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/

ToCTable of Contents
Table of Contents
TWRTechnology Watch Report
Technology Watch Report

see Portal:TWR


UCUse Case
Use Case
UIEUser Interface Engineering
User Interface Engineering
UKOLNUnited Kingdom Office for Library and Information Networking
United Kingdom Office for Library and Information Networking
UMLUnified Modeling Language
Unified Modeling Language
URIUniform Resource Identifier
Uniform Resource Identifier
URLUniform Resource Locator
Uniform Resource Locator
URN:Uniform Resource Name
UTFUnicode Transformation Format
Unicode Transformation Format


ViRRVirtueller Raum Reichsrecht
Virtueller Raum Reichsrecht
vLibVirtual Library
Virtual Library
VREVirtual Research Environment
Virtual Research Environment


WALSWorld Atlas of Language Structures
World Atlas of Language Structures
WFSIWorld Forum on Scientific Information
World Forum on Scientific Information
WLANWireless Local-Area Network
Wireless local-area network
WoKWeb of Knowledge
Web of Knowledge
W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium
World Wide Web Consortium


XMLExtensible Markup Language Schema
An XMLExtensible Markup Language-based alternative to DTDs, used for describing the structure of XMLExtensible Markup Language documents. The XMLExtensible Markup Language Schema language is also referred to as XMLExtensible Markup Language Schema Definition

Tutorial: http://www.w3schools.com/schema/default.asp

XMLExtensible Markup Language
Extensible Markup Language
XPathExpression Language Used to Navigate and to Find Structures in XML Documents
Expression language used to navigate and to find structures in XMLExtensible Markup Language documents
XSDXML Schema Definition
XMLExtensible Markup Language Schema Definition (by W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium)
XSLTExtensible Stylesheet Language Transformations
Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations (by W3CWorld Wide Web Consortium)


Zeitschriftendatenbank (database for journal information and holdings)
ZVDDZentrales Verzeichnis Digitalisierter Drucke
Zentrales Verzeichnis Digitalisierter Drucke (German index of digitized works)

Some more glossaries

are available within the MPDLMax Planck Digital Library context, e.g.

and in related projects, e.g.