MAchine-Readable Cataloging (MARC)

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"The MARC formats are standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic and related information in machine-readable form".[1]

The formats have been developed in the 1960er years and are mainly used to exchange catalog records among libraries and/or library consortias. A quite comprehensive introduction to the formats can be found in Wikipedia[2]



  1. MARC Standards homepage by the Library of Congress (LoC)
  2. Wikipedia article for MARC